At A Glance - Malaysia
Malaysia At A Glance
Welcome to Malaysia
Malaysia is a unique and fascination modern country enrich with wide range of diverse culture, landscape and welcoming people. Malaysia is the cultural melting pot of Asia with its ethnically diverse people comprised with Malays, Chinese, Indians, Kadazan Dusun, Iban and Middle Eastern ethnic origins. These ethnic groups with their own culture make up the delightful multicultural fabric of Malaysia as it is expressed colorfully in their way of lifestyle, architecture and expression.
Malaysia has a total land area of 330,803 square kilometres (127,720 sq mi). It has two major regions – Penissular Malaysia and East malaysia (also known as Malaysian Borneo). These two regions consists the overall thirteen states and three federal terriories of the country. Penissular Malaysia and East malaysia are separated by South China Sea.
Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia. Located in the famous Klang Valley, Kuala Lumpur has an area of 243 square kilometers ( 94 square miles) and an estimated 1.7 million people living in the city. From the perspective of both economic growth and population, Kuala Lumpur is one of the fastest growing metropolitan regions in the South-East Asia. The city beautifully synthesize the modernity and tradition art and custom concept in its unique way as it can be seen in its striking 451 meters tall, 88- floors PETRONAS Twin Towers located in the city centre and other architect in the city.
Malaysia is located between 2 and 7 degrees north of the Equator. There are two major geographical region of the country – one is Penisular Malaysia to the west and other is East Malaysia to the east. To the north of Peninsular Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbour is Singapore. The East Malaysia consists of the Malaysian states of Sabah, Sarawak, and the Federal Territory of Labuan. Peninsular Malaysia is separated from the East Malaysia by the South China Sea. East Malaysia shares a common border with Indonesia while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei Darussalam.
Malaysia has a total land area of 330,803 square kilo-meters (127,720 sq mi).
According to United Nations estimates as of February 27, 2018, the population of Malaysia is 31,898,582. Malaysia is world’s 45th populous state and its population represents 0.42% of the total world population. Post of its population lives in Peninsular Malaysia. The population density in Malaysia is 98 per Km2 and 76.5% of its population lives in urban area.
Malaysia is situated at the one of the biggest maritime trade routes of the world. Malaysia has long been the meeting place from people around the Asia and other parts of the world. As a result the people of Malaysia consist of great ethnic diversity. Malays make up about 57% of the population while Chinese, Indians, Bumiputeras and other ethnic groups making up the rest.
Bahasa Malaysia (Malay) is the mother tongue of the majority of Malay ethnic group and it is also the official langue of Malaysia. English is widely spoken in Malaysia and English take a preferential position in various settings. Both in service and education sector English is used extensively. There are 137 living languages in Malaysia and each ethnic group tries to preserve their own language in their own way.
Malaysia is a multi-religious country, whose official religion is Islam but all other religions are practiced freely and widely. According to the Population and Housing Census 2010, Islam is practiced by 61.2% of total population, followed by 19.8% by Buddhism, 9.2% Christianity, 6.3% Hinduism and 1.3% Christianity. Religious groups live their peacefully side by side and politicians priorities religious harmony in their campaign.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy which closely resembles the Westminster parliamentary system. The country has bicameral legislative system. Malaysian Monarch title is “theyang di-Pertuan Agong”which literally means “he who was made lord” is the Head of the state and the head of Government is the Prime Minister. Malaysian monarch is one of the few elected monarchs in the world and it is the monarch who officially appoints the prime Minister who is likely to be the one to win the confidence of the majority of the members of House of Representatives.
As Malaysia is located near the equator the climate of Malaysia remain hot and humid throughout the year. The annual rainfall varies from 200 cm to 250cm and the temperature remains on average 27 °C (80.6 °F) throughout the year though higher elevation experience a slightly colder temperature ranging between 15°C(59°F) to 25°C(77°F). Malaysia has two monsoon winds season, one start from April to September and other is from October to March. Mountain range throughout Malaysia also affects the climate of the country as the hill slopes of Sarawak inland area experience an annual 500cm rainfall throughout the year. Malaysia also faces two different kind of climate in its two main geographical regions. The peninsula’s climate is influenced by wind from the mainland and the East side is more susceptible to maritime weather.
Major economic initiatives are taken by Malaysian Government since 1970 to transform Malaysian economy from primarily focus on the export of raw materials to one of the versatile industrialized and manufacturing economy. As a result of this economic implementation Malaysian economy is now one of the fastest growing and strongest economies in the whole world. Manufacturing now constitutes the largest component of Malaysia’s economy while tourism and primary commodities such as petroleum, palm oil, natural rubber and timber are major contributors to its economy.
Visitors must be in possession of a valid passport or travel document with a minimum validity of six months beyond the intended visiting period. Citizens of most countries do not require visas for social or business visits. For further information, please visit or call the nearest Malaysian diplomatic mission or Tourism Malaysia office.
The currency unit of Malaysia is called the Malaysian Ringgit, which is indicated as RM. Foreign currencies can be easily converted at the branches of banks and money changers agency located in various places in Malaysia.
In most states, Most of the bank remains open from 9.30am to 4.00pm from Monday to Friday. Banks in the states of Kedah, Kelantan and Terengganu operate from 9.30am to 4.00pm from Saturday to Wednesday.
Malaysian has excellent transportation facilities. Malaysian Government has given much importance to develop the infrastructure in Malaysia as a result the country’s road network has numerous high-speed express highways and hard-surfaced secondary roads. Well coordinated Buses, trains and taxi service are available for easy transportation. Malaysia has also excellent domestic air transportation system. Air Line Company like Malaysia Airlines, Air Asia and Firefly provide low cast enjoyable service to their customers.